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New Book
Quantum Physics

Quantum Physics

Publisher: "VSU of Civil Engineering", Volgograd, 2015. Softcover, 273 pages. ISBN 978-5-98276-780-6

Alexander Stadnitsky
Evgeny Stadnitsky
Sergey Stadnitsky

“In fact, we do not know, which concept is the correct one for our world... Nowadays, the main problem of the scientific research in the area of fundamental particles resides in discovering what the correct concepts to describe the nature are. ... The question about what fundamental and non-fundamental particles are—the question that is so much spoken about—is the question about what the final concept of the world will be like from quantum mechanics perspective. Will such a concept as the electron momentum still be capable of describing the nature? And finally, should the question be posed this way at all? Such ideas permanently occur during any scientific research. At least, we understand the problem—how to find the concept? But we do not know the answer yet. We even do not know if it is what the problem consists of or not, but if it is, then we first need to find out whether each particular particle is fundamental or not.” This is what R. Feynman said in his famous lectures about the major challenge of physics. Indeed, currently there are many highly skilled theoretical physicists who are proficient in the latest mathematical approaches. All these “big guns” without knowing the enemy’s locations (which, as we assume, is the world concept) “shoot randomly” hoping to end up with anything useful as a result. But they have failed so far. We need new ideas, new concepts.

This book presents a new vision of the authors on Quantum Physics, which is based on the existence of photons as field carriers and as transferors of different types of interactions. The conceptual points of this theory have been proven by experimental effects related to gravitational and antigravitational interactions of the tested loads in the field of Earth and measurement of the Compton’s wavelength of the gravitational quantum which serves as a basis for Quantum Physics. Corresponding physical experiment and it’s theoretical background is described in the current book.

Where does the divergent approach of the authors to the problem of physical objects’ interaction reside in? We believe that contemporary physics and astronomy are guided by the incorrect concepts of mechanisms of gravitational and other interactions. It becomes obvious from quantum physics standpoint, which reveals all discrepancies and contradictions of those. The conviction that the Cavendish’s gravitational constant is the universal constant violates the Law of Conservation of Energy and Kepler’s third law. Furthermore, for the authors of different theories of physical interactions, such a conviction becomes a starting point to the fragmentation of physics into multiple types of interactions that do not have common roots. Besides, when developing the special theory of relativity, A. Einstein actually mixed up one of the twins with the physical vacuum, with respect to which the twins were moving. Therefore, when scientists encounter relativistic motion of a particle, the mass of which grows, they can understand it. But there is another case that is equally applicable: when the mass of a particle decreases as a result of relativistic motion. Both of these processes are links of the same chain. The particle receives energy in the first case and gives it away in the second case. An example of such a particle is the resonance photon that heats up the planet core. To continue with examples, we can pay attention to the fact, that all interactions in our nature involve resonance which is a new concept for physical theorists.

Developing theories, the authors do not take into account the fact that the interaction objects have different time scales. If we look into the root of the process we discover that resonance levels/equates the time scales of the interacting objects, creating a standing wave between them. Here exchange of photons occurs. The standing wave is responsible for the discreteness of energy and its balance, which we call the Law of Conservation of Energy. The quantum is the measure of discreteness. The standing wave’s full energy is equal to zero, but the internal and external energies are balanced, which determines the interaction energy balance. It is worth noting that quantum is not the smallest energy carrier. It is just a measure for energy discreteness. For example, elementary particles are quanta, but they can disintegrate into other elementary particles and photons.
Besides the gravitational interaction, the book deals with theoretical issues of antigravitation and its application aspects. Antigravitation is an integral part of the theory of gravitation and is based on its principles. The study of the antigravitation phenomenon allows putting it in a standalone category due to its practical application in aerospace industry. The book provides characteristic indicators of quanta of the intrinsic field of an antigravitation apparatus. Such an apparatus would break through the gravitation of not only Earth.

We also included the Theory of Elementary Particles in the book. The interaction laws are the same for both elementary particles and gravitation processes. In an atom, resonance energy of the electron and muon transforms into the energy of nuclear elementary particles whereas in gravitational processes the resonance energy of gravitational quanta transforms into the energy of resonance “plasma” photons heating up the core of the planet or the Sun.

Based on the calculations provided in this book, one may talk of the circulation of energy in the world. Everyone is aware of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) or relic radiation. It is an isotropic radiation, which, according to scientists’ opinion, was “torn apart” from the matter during the “Big Bang”. Based on the laws that we have discovered we can see a different picture. Imagine a dot in space. The dot has rest time and proper/intrinsic time. The dualism of time in this dot determines the presence of an energy quantum, as the delta of the rest time and the proper/intrinsic time determines the relaxation time of the quantum and it’s mass. In other words, we can say that any dot in the world is the source of primary energy. Such a dot is a gravitational quantum in absolute rest condition.

Space is not an “empty vessel” but a “full vessel”. That is why we should talk not about the space but about physical space. As exemplified by gravity, we can see that resonance sets the scene for transformation of the energy of quanta into the energy of planets and stars. The reader can see that the universe is different from how it is described by the contemporary science, and its energy state is self-sufficient. Due to substantial difference related to the understanding of the fundamental principles of interaction in the description of physical processes between us and authors of other modern theories, we tried to progress from simple motion, i.e. interaction, to a complex one in the course of this book. We will prove that the laws of interaction of a traveler with the world, orienting himself in time and space by means of his watch are the same as the laws of interaction of elementary particles, gravitation, antigravitation, electromagnetism and other types of interactions.

Compared to the previous edition, the book has been considerably revised as well as certain chapters were added. Calculations of magnetic and electrical fields on the planets’ (and its satellites) surfaces were provided. We have to take into account that modern physics is unable to provide such calculations. Furthermore the physical characteristics/properties of inertia were reviewed. It is proved that one mole of any substance contains same amount of inertia energy which is universal constant. As of now, we know radiuses of planet (and its satellites’) cores. In the area of elementary particles characteristics of the following particles were added as well as methods of its calculation: electronic neutrino, muonic neutrino, positroneum.

We pay our primary attention to the universality/unity of all physical processes, which are based on our Law of Equivalents of Measurement Units. The Law of Equivalents of Measurement Units sets up relations between electromagnetic and mechanical measurement units and serves as a fundamental basis for all our calculations.